Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Shashi Kapoor: a unique man with unique tastes

 Shashi Kapoor always appeared, to me, as the least talented of the three sons of Prithviraj Kapoor. Though it does not, in any way, imply that I found him lacking in talent. It would be more appropriate to say that superlative performances from Raj Kapoor and Shammi Kapoor had given rise to certain expectations from this kid brother of theirs, to which he did not quite live up to.
Yet, he possessed a distinct trait which places him in a class of his own. It was his taste for good literature and quality cinema and theatre and the courage to risk his career, as a mainstream "star", by becoming a part of many such ventures.
One can not think that a run of the mill actor would have dared to play the protagonist in Siddhartha - that celebrated but rather obscure philosophical work from Hermann Hesse, the cinematic version of which woefully failed to do justice to the book and may have been talked about more, in the repressed Indian society, for some explicit scenes which were a rarity in the 1970s. 
The same passion for telling a good story and, in the bargaining, ending up producing and even playing a character bordering the villainous, may have made him a part of "Junoon". Here was a movie which always compels me to revise my opinions about the actor who is, sadly, more remembered for routine commercial flicks. "Junoon" had him team up with Shyam Benegal, who had by then become a towering figure as far as the "parallel cinema" was concerned, but remained an untouchable for many an image conscious, commercial success-chasing actor. Benegal and Kapoor worked wonders again in "Kalyug" - the only experiment of its kind wherein the ancient epic of Mahabharata was retold in a modern set up.
Kapoor's willingness to experiment with unorthodox film makers saw him team up with another parallel cinema stalwart Govind Nihalani. "Vijeta" could be called the most authentic portrayal of life in the Indian Air Force till date. Though that part was played, to perfection, by Kapoor's soon forgotten son Kunal, Shashi himself played no less pivotal a role. While it may not have been too great a challange to play the role of the father of his own son, he mesmerizes by the finesse with which he brings out the paradoxical complexity of his character - boorish, yet vulnerable, licentious yet committed. 
It was probably this refinement of taste that brought him close to the British actress Jennifer Kendal with whom he shared screen space in "Junoon". Jennifer proved her mettle by playing to perfection an emotionally fragile old woman in 36 Chowringhee Lane. The couple shall always be remembered for Prithvi Theatre, the most befitting tribute to the veteran of the Kapoor family who had started his own career on the stage.
May his demise inspire many aspiring actors and film makers to draw inspiration from the unique life of the unique man. 

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

My tryst with Satyajit Ray

It was nearly a decade ago when my father, on one of our visits to Calcutta, bought me a few DVDs of Satyajit Ray's movies. The idea was obviously to introduce his son to a film maker he and most bright minds of his generations adored. On my part, I was curious to familiarize myself with the legend who had been widely criticized for being a purveyor of Indian poverty. While in my teens, I had watched "Shatranj Ke Khiladi", the lone Hindi work of the Bengali director who would have turned 96 today were he alive. The Sanjeev Kumar, Saeed Mirza, Amjad Khan-starrer, which also may have made the best use till date of Amitabh Bachchan's rich baritone, had made me aware that there was much more to the tales told on-screen by this quintessential renaissance man than famines and starvation.
I remember having started off my tryst with Ray's works in Bengali, the language he was naturally
most comfortable with, watching "Asani Sanket". It was yet another work on the Great Famine of Bengal and I had to heavily depend on subtitles (I still do) to make sense of the dialogues. Although not among my favourite Ray movies, I shall always remember "Asani Sanket" for having introduced me to Soumitra Chatterjee, an actor not well-known outside the world of Bengali cinema but talented enough to give the best in the world a run for their money. I followed it up with another Chatterjee-starrer "Abhijaan" where the Bengali actor played a Bihari taxi driver with elan. Ray, who found delight in casting well-known stars in unconventional roles, had chosen Waheeda Rehman for playing the female lead.
Neither of the two movies did I find extra-ordinary. Neither made me aware of the greatness of Ray or for that matter Chatterjee. But these movies did serve the important purpose of making me curious enough to explore Ray more. I also watched "Charulata" of which I remember very little except the immortal "O go bidesini" - a Tagore song rendered by the inimitable Kishore Kumar. In the mean time, being a voracious reader, I pored through "Our Films Their Films" and a brief reference to "Pratidwandi" goaded me to search the internet and I came to know about Ray's "Calcutta trilogy". I have always found myself strangely fascinated by the city with a decadent infrastructure but arguably the most intact moral fabric. So I ordered "Pratidwandi", along with "Seemabaddha" and "Jana Aranya" and thus began my captivation at the hands of the Shanti Niketan alumnus, who towered over his peers, both literally and figuratively.
I happened to watch "Seemabaddha" first and to say that I was bowled over would be an understatement. Every thinking man or woman who works for a corporate entity, can not at some point in life help thinking about things like a pointless rat race, boardroom intrigues and unholy nexus between management and union. But I have not come across any other movie depicting the rot underneath the glitter of capitalism with the finnesse as Ray did in this work which deservedly won laurels at the National Film Awards and the Venice Film Festival. "Pratidwandi" left me stumped, thanks to Dhritiman Chatterjee whom I remembered as the crass fellow of 36 Chowringhee Lane who wore his sensuality on his sleeves. I could not believe that the same man was playing the highly strung and sensitive protagonist in Ray's first part of Calcutta trilogy. I could feel the suffocation of Siddhartha (his name in the film) when, in course of job-hunting he faces a callous interview panel and when he struggles to come to terms with his younger sibling evolving into a careerist, who had no qualms using her charms for her professional advancement. "Jana Aranya" turned out to be equally brilliant, though starker than the other two. The depravity on display is gut-wrenching. I found the first few minutes particularly impressive wherein Ray seems to have captured in embryonic stage the chaos and incompetence in higher education which has now assumed gigantic proportions.
Having been smitten with Ray, I was bound to explore his body of work further and ended up savoring the astonishing range of themes on which he made his movies. I learnt that he was a master of cinematic adaptation when it came to literary works, be it Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay (Apu Trilogy), Tagore (Ghare Baire), Sankar (Jana Aranya) or Henrik Ibsen (Ganashatru).
From "Pather Panchali", which marked his sensational debut, to "Agantuk" which got released just a few months before his demise, Ray directed nearly three dozen movies. Each of these could be the subject of a full-length essay. Any attempt to encapsulate his remarkable journey in just about 1,000 words would be plain vainglory. But with nothing except words at my disposal, this is all I could offer by way of tribute.

Sunday, June 26, 2016

Udta Punjab

But for its gripping post-interval section, “Udta Punjab” could have been dismissed as yet another sloppy work of the noir genre with pretensions of realism. In the end, one does feel like giving its makers a round of applause not least because after grating the ears for close to three years the movie signs off with “Hass Nach Le”, the only track 
worthy of being called music in a film that has half-a-dozen songs with lyrics that are obscene but thankfully incomprehensible for the most part.
One can not, however, shake off the thought that Tommy Singh’s character is the weakest link in the plot though that is not to be blamed entirely on Shahid Kapoor. The only disappointment caused by the actor is his toned physique, which seems out of place for a wayward rock-star addicted to cocaine. But the character he plays has many gaping holes. He gets inspired to give up his addiction after a brief meeting with Alia Bhatt, a migrant labourer who has been reduced to a physical and emotional wreck by those trading in narcotics who had been holding her captive since she picked up a packet of heroin from a field, and ended up throwing it inside a well when her plans to clandestinely sell it off to someone well-heeled goes awry. Bhatt’s resolve to redeem herself is convincing. Not a drug addict herself, she has been made dependent on heroin thanks to forcible injections by her tormentors who put her body, housed in an unconscious mind, to unspeakable uses. But Tommy? He succeeds in kicking cocaine, just like that, upon learning from Alia the simple fact that there are lives messier and sorrier than his own. This could have possible only if (a) Alia were a prophet with superhuman ability to alter other people’s consciousness (b) Tommy were taking something harmless, mistakenly believing that it was crack.
Characters played by Kareena Kapoor and Diljit Dosanjh are competent. There is a hint of contrivance in the way their characters have been etched out and their lives have been made to intertwine. This contrivance, mercifully, does not slacken the pace of the narrative nor does it cause any great deviation from the central theme.
Satish Kaushik, who has got rave reviews from many critics, is a disappointment. While he ends up doing what he has been doing for so many years, his character remains grossly undeveloped. As a promoter of the delinquent rockstar, “Tayaji” ought to have played some role in either the degeneration of Tommy Singh or his journey towards recovery. The screenplay writers never explored this possibility, which could have also lent some meaning to Tommy’s annoying presence in the story.

Full marks to the film for its refusal to get stuck with drugs smuggled from Pakistan, after depicting the phenomenon in the opening sequence. Allegedly prepared and sold across the world with the help of the ISI, heroin is said to be Pakistan’s chief export. But, like cocaine smuggled from Africa and Latin America, heroin is prohibitively expensive and unlikely to have many users from the lower strata of the society. As per reports, the drug problem of Punjab is not confined to its city-dwelling neo-rich class. The scourge is being considered a cause for alarm precisely because it is said to have engulfed its vastly populous lower middle class, including those living in villages and dependent on a hard agricultural labour for their living. One does not and can not know the full truth of Punjab’s drug problem. The movie shows that crude concoctions made of prescription drugs, which give the users an instant high but are potentially lethal, have become a flourishing trade in the state. This does not seem to be unlikely as such concoctions are often available for throwaway prices. The involvement of myopic politicians and rapacious policemen also does not seem to be implausible. Overall, a good film but certainly not great.

Thursday, October 1, 2015

Vijeta - you feel like a victor watching it!

Govind Nihalani has been one of the foremost flag bearers of what has come to be known as the "parallel cinema movement" in the Hindi film industry. Starting off as a cinematographer who ably assisted Shyam Benegal in bringing unforgettable stories like "Ankur" and "Bhumika" to life, Nihalani made his directorial debut with "Aakrosh" - a grim tale of exploitation of the downtrodden and corruption in the judicial system. The grittiness, which was on display, was there for all to see in his subsequent ventures like "Ardh Satya", "Party", "Aaghaat" etc. However, his very second movie "Vijeta", released barely two years after "Aakrosh" would be a surprise, certainly not unpleasant, for anyone who has been introduced to Nihalani through his tales of stark realism.
That is not to say that "Vijeta" is a work of fantasy like most Bollywood potboilers are. The movie has a thoroughly believable plot, authentic characters and is devoid of songs, dances and the assorted titillations which make up a "masala" film. Despite that, there is a feel good factor about this movie, a rare uplifting quality, which we do not associate with art films. 
Prima facie it is what we call a "coming of age" story, revolving around Angad Singh, a Bombay-bred young Sikh born to a Maharashtrian mother and father who meanders aimlessly through life until making an abrupt foray into the tough world of Indian Air Force the demands of which force him to come out of his shell.

Needless to say, Angad Singh emerges as a "vijeta" (victor) in the battlefield of a war between two nations as well as the battlefield within himself. 
But what is really remarkable that its brilliant scriptwriters - Dilip Chitre and Satyadev Dubey - come out with a screenplay in which no character can be termed as a loser. Every character appears to be a victor in his or her own way. Let us take for example the character played by Shashi Kapoor. Nihal Singh, Angad's father, is a Sikh who escapes the trauma of Partition, settled down in Bombay with his mother (played to perfection by Deena Pathak), marries Neelima (Rekha, about whom a few words will be said later) and becomes a part of the advertising industry to eke out a comfortable living. In his emotional vulnerability, Nihal is matched only by his own son Angad which leaves the relationship between for much part of their lives. Though not an incorrigible philanderer, Nihal's impetuosity leads him astray much to the obvious distaste of Neelima and to the horror of a young and impressionable Angad.
Realizing, after many brusque episodes with his wife and son, that vanity is going to offer no solace the sardar finally learns the right lessons, loosens up and starts respecting vulnerability - within himself, his son Angad and all else whom he comes across in the journey of life.
This is about two characters which seem to be infested with the biggest flaws. The others are simply inspiring though not in the quixotic sense of the term. Neelima comes across as a woman of steely resolve with loads of compassion without which do not make her appear or sound cold.
When her husband tries to explain away his escapades by suggesting that the woman he got briefly entangled with was loose, she is quick to retort that while she could have been a struggler compromising herself to secure a career, he had wittingly or unwittingly exploited her and was later trying to justify himself. The reserved Neelima never lets her disgust to spill out before Angad, even though this does not prevent the young lad from knowing what she did not want him to know. Moreover, her differences with Nihal do not affect the relationship she shares with the latter's old mother and even her brother (Om Puri in a fine cameo) - when he visits their place - makes it a point to seek the blessings of the old Bi ji before talking to anyone else. In a way, Neelima facilitates the redemption of her husband and by virtue of her stoic support to his son's painful attempts at self-discovery, helps Angad evolve into a man capable of empathy and enduring the toughest challenges and the greatest tragedies.

There is also an advocacy of pluralism in the most non-preachy fashion. Nihal has cut his hair short after coming to Bombay. But when his son his born, his mother insists that he be brought up as a Sikh who wears his turban and beard. This becomes possible since Neelima - a Maharashtrian Hindu who practices classical music - raises no objection. No scenes are created when Angad falls in love with Anna (Supriya Pathak), the daughter of his Chief Instructor (Amrish Puri brilliantly plays an officer who can be both tough as well as tender) though they happen to be devout Christians. Neelima gets killed in a road accident leaving the father-son duo alone. Tragedy soon befalls Anna as well as her robust father succumbs to an attack of galloping cancer. War breaks out and Angad is out defending his borders. Anna moves into Nihal's house and the effortless ease with the two establish an emotional bond is simply heartwarming.
There is also an invaluable sequence in which the perils of untamed nationalism are exposed - so relevant to our times. One of Angad's colleagues ejects when his aircraft catches fire. He does not land in enemy territory, yet local inhabitants - except for a few patient but ineffectual elders - mistake him for a soldier belonging to the enemy country and are hell bent upon lynching him. This, even when he has not yet pronounced his name which would have revealed his Muslim identity as well. Timely arrival of an IAF helicopter saves his life but the question posed by the episode holds as much relevance today and more so for the educated middle class than the illiterate villagers whom the aforesaid sequence featured.
Yet another highlight of the film is technical, though it would not be lost on anybody who is not indifferent to splendour. As said earlier, Nihalani had started off as a cinematographer and here he displays his command over the camera with consummate finesse. Angad's training at the IAF has been shown in great detail which include the hiccups he faces in mastering his flyingo  lessons. Nihalani performs magic through his lens making us share Angad's fear, anxiety, panic and subsequent discovery of self-confidence.
For anyone who has undergone a tough and depressing phase and wishes to recover through something sensibly refreshing, "Vijeta" is what the doctor may prescribe!

Sunday, December 14, 2014

राज कपूर - परिभाषाओं में नहीं बंधने वाला एक कलाकार

            राज कपूर यदि आज जीवित होते तो उम्र के नब्बे साल पूरे कर रहे होते। परिस्थितियों और, कुछ हद तक, उनकी अपनी जीवन शैली ने यह सुनिश्चित किया कि वो लम्बी ज़िंदगी न जी सकें। आज से छब्बीस साल पहले इस जीनियस ने, जिसे बहुधा लोग "शोमैन" के सीमित खांचे में ही देख पाते हैं, अपनी आँखें मूँद लीं। मगर क्या यह कहा जा सकता है कि राज कपूर को एक छोटी ज़िंदगी मिली? उनकी शौक़ीन मिजाजी को प्रशंसा, ईर्ष्या, वितृष्णा और विद्रूप के मिले-जुले भावों के साथ याद करते हुए सहज ही कहा जा सकता है कि उनकी ज़िंदगी के चौंसठ साल जीवेत शरदः शतम की सनातन आकांक्षा पर भारी थे। 
          जिसकी हम तारीफ़ करना चाहते हैं उस पर कोई आकर्षक लेबल चस्पा करने की इच्छा बलवती हो उठती है। शोमैन की उपाधि उन्हें पहली बार जब भी जिस किसी के द्वारा दी गयी होगी वह ऐसी ही किसी बलवती इच्छा का शिकार रहा होगा। यह कहना हमारा मकसद नहीं है कि वे शोमैन नहीं थे। बेशक वे लोगों का मनोरंजन करने वाली फिल्में बनाते थे और व्यावसायिक सफलता के उन्होंने कीर्तिमान स्थापित किये थे। किन्तु एक फिल्मकार के तौर पर उनके सफर को देखने पर यह कहने का हौसला नहीं रह जाता कि वे महज़ एक तमाशेबाज़ थे जिसका उद्देश्य सिर्फ पैसा कमाना था।  
          आजकल कुछ महान नेताओं की कृपा से वंशवाद को खूब गरियाया जा रहा है। राज कपूर पॉलिटिक्स में नहीं थे। मगर सियासी मौसम ने अगर अपना असर फ़िल्मी दुनिया पर छोड़ा तो शायद उनको भी पृथ्वीराज कपूर के बेटे होने और इस वजह से मिली सहूलियतों के लिए कोसा जाएगा। बेशक राज कपूर में सिकंदर की भूमिका  निभा सकने की योग्यता तो नहीं ही थी। मगर वे तो उस दौर की उपज थे जब साहित्य की भांति सिनेमा भी अपने दौर की कहानियां कहने को बेचैन था। 
 और इस बात को कौन नकार सकता है कि आधुनिक भारत के मानव को परदे पर जीने के मामले में उन्होंने अपने पिता को मीलों पीछे छोड़ दिया। 
            हम लोग मूल्यांकन करने में भी कुछ रस्में गढ़ लेते हैं। एक रस्म यह बन गयी है कि राज कपूर, दिलीप कुमार और देव आनंद की "तिकड़ी" का ज़िक्र किया जाएगा भले तीनों कभी एक फिल्म में भी साथ न आए हों। राज और देव तो एक दुसरे के साथ भी फिल्म में नहीं दिखे। इन तीनों के लिए भी सुविधाजनक खांचे तैयार कर लिए गए हैं - देव आनंद रूमानी भूमिकाओं के सिरमौर, दिलीप कुमार एक संजीदा ट्रेजडी किंग और राज कपूर चार्ली चैपलिन का भारतीय संस्करण!
          इन तीनों में कौन सर्वश्रेष्ठ था इस बचकानी बहस में हम नहीं पढ़ना चाहते मगर सबसे यह इल्तिजा ज़रूर करना चाहेंगे कि राज कपूर को याद करते हुए थोड़ी देर के लिए चार्ली चैपलिन को किनारे रख दीजिए। ऐसा करने पर ही देख पाएंगे उस राज कपूर को जो "आवारा" और "श्री 420" से बिलकुल अलग था। हालांकि यह दोनों भी बेहतरीन फिल्में थीं और राज कपूर इनमें जंचे भी थे। 
         आजकल प्रचार का ज़माना है और कोई भी ढलती उम्र वाला अभिनेता किसी फिल्म के लिए अपना नाक-नक्शा थोड़ा बिगाड़ लेता है तो इस बात की खूब चर्चा होती है कि देखिये कितना समर्पित और साहसी कलाकार है, किसी "इमेज" में नहीं बंधता है। ऐसे कलाकारों से बिना किसी प्रकार की नाराज़गी रखते हुए हम अनुरोध करेंगे कि एक बार "जागते रहो" को याद कर लीजिये। यह कहना कि उन्होंने इसमें अच्छी एक्टिंग की है, सही मगर बेहद नाकाफी होगा। इस फिल्म को देखते हुए जो एक और बात महसूस होती है वो है जोखिम उठाने और प्रयोग करने का उनका साहस। इस तस्वीर को देखिये और कल्पना कीजिये उस हौसले की जिसने उन्हें प्रेरित किया होगा यह अजीबोगरीब हुलिया लेकर लोगों के सामने आने की। 
गौर कीजिये कि राज कपूर उस समय जवान ही थे और "चरित्र अभिनेता" टाइप की भूमिकाएं नहीं कर रहे थे। यह फिल्म 1956 में आई थी। इसी साल वे "चोरी चोरी" में विशुद्ध "फ़िल्मी" ढंग से पेश आए थे। और महज एक साल पहले "श्री 420" की अपार सफलता ने उनके ग्लैमर को नई ऊँचाई प्रदान की थी। बावजूद इसके न सिर्फ उन्होंने इस फिल्म में मुख्य भूमिका निभाए बल्कि इसकी गैर-परम्परागत कहानी की ताकत को पहचाना और इससे बतौर निर्माता भी जुड़े। फिल्म में हलके-फुल्के नाच-गाने और प्रहसन दृश्य हैं मगर शहरी मध्यवर्गी जीवन की नैतिक सड़ांध को इस फिल्म ने परदे पर तब उकेरा था जब यथार्थवादिता एक "फैशन स्टेटमेंट" नहीं बनी थी। 
           एक और फिल्म जिसमें राज कपूर की भूमिका उल्लेखनीय कही जाएगी वो है "तीसरी कसम"। लोग इसको ज़्यादातर रेणु की कहानी और शैलेन्द्र के गीतों के लिए याद करते हैं मगर इन विशेषताओं के बावजूद यह फिल्म वांछित प्रभाव छोड़ने से वंचित रह जाती अगर राज कपूर ने हिरामन को साकार न कर दिया होता। वर्तमान में कई अभिनेताओं द्वारा "बिहारी" अथवा "पुरबिया" लहज़े में संवाद अदायगी कर देने पर लट्टू हो जाते समय कभी-कभी कोशी नदी के किनारे रहने वाले एक तांगेवाले को जीवंत कर देने वाले इस अद्भुत प्रयोग को याद कर लेना मुनासिब रहेगा। तुलना करने से चिढ होती है फिर भी प्रचलित अवधारणाओं में जीने वालों को यह चुनौती देने की इच्छा होती है कि "गंगा जमुना" के दिलीप कुमार और "तीसरी कसम" के राज कपूर को अगल-बगल रख लीजिये और फिर कहिये कि "खांटी" आदमी किसमें नज़र आता है।    
               बहरहाल, यह तो हुई अभिनेता राज कपूर की बात। बतौर निर्देशक भी उनकी यात्रा अनूठी ही रही। "आग" और "बरसात" के अनगढ़पन से "आवारा" और "श्री 420" तक आते-आते वे काफी मंज गए लगते हैं। "आवारा" में कैमरे को लेकर उनकी संवेदनशीलता भी प्रभावित करती है। वह ब्लैक एंड वाइट का दौर था और छायांकन की सीमाएं थीं। मगर परछाईं के द्वारा पात्रों के मनोभावों को कैसे पेश किया जा सकता है यह कमाल किसी को देखना है तो केवल दो दृश्यों के देख ले - एक जिसमें बालक राज की तरफ जग्गा धीरे-धीरे बढ़ रहा है और दूसरा जिसमें युवक राज रीता के साथ समुद्र तट पर खड़ा एक पेड़ पर उँगलियों से रेखाएं खींच रहा है। निर्देशक के तौर पर उनका वैविध्य आगे और भी अचम्भा  पैदा कर देता है जब "संगम" जैसी बेसिरपैर की फिल्म के तुरंत बाद वे "मेरा नाम जोकर"  जैसी क्लासिक लेकर हाज़िर हो जाते हैं और भारी घाटा उठाने के बाद फ़ौरन "बॉबी" जैसी चालू चीज़ परोस कर भरपाई कर लेते हैं! वाकई राज कपूर परिभाषा के परे हैं।  
         "बॉबी" और "संगम" के उदाहरण से यह स्पष्ट हो जाता है कि राज कपूर में गज़ब का "बिज़नेस सेन्स" था जिसने उनको हिंदी सिनेमा के इतिहास के सफलतम निर्माताओं में शुमार कर दिया। मगर यहां भी यह अनोखी बात सामने आती है कि उन्होंने सिर्फ पैसा बनाने वाली फिल्मों को अपना संरक्षण नहीं दिया। बतौर निर्माता वे बहुत सी ऐसी कहानियों को दर्शकों के सामने पेश कर गए जो श्रेष्ठ थी मगर जिनकी व्यावसायिक उपयोगिता प्रथमदृष्टया संदिग्ध थी। बॉक्स ऑफिस के रिकॉर्ड तोड़ने तक ही जिसका सरोकार हो ऐसा निर्माता कभी "बूट पोलिश" की परवाह नहीं करता, "अब दिल्ली दूर नहीं" से जुड़ने का जोखिम नहीं उठाता "जिस देश में गंगा बहती है" में भले साइनिंग अमाउंट बढ़िया रखके काम कर लेता मगर अपना पैसा नहीं लगाता। पैरेलल सिनेमा के आविर्भाव के बाद उनकी फिल्में पलायनवादी मनोरंजन परोसती हुई लग सकती हैं मगर आज भी आर के फिल्म्स की प्रस्तुतियों में एक ईमानदारी नज़र आती है जो एंग्री यंग मैन के कथित अन्याय-प्रतिरोध से लगातार नदारद रहीं।  
            निर्माण, निर्देशन, अभिनय में प्रत्यक्ष और  छायांकन, कथा-पटकथा में राज कपूर के परोक्ष योगदान की चर्चा हो ही चुकी है। स्वर-सम्राज्ञी लता मंगेशकर ने उन्हें संगीत की सबसे बेहतरीन समझ रखने वाला फिल्मकार बताया है। उनकी फिल्मों के यादगार गीतों की सूची बनाने बैठा जाय तो लिखने वाला और पढ़ने वाला दोनों थक जाएंगे। 
          इतिहास को अपनी सुविधानुसार लिखने का दुस्साहस करने की आजकल बहुत सी कोशिशें हो रही हैं। ऐसे में यह छोटा सा सच कहने का साहस क्यों न किया जाय की हिंदी सिनेमा का इतिहास अधूरा रहेगा अगर उसमें राज कपूर पर पूरा एक अध्याय न हो?  

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

मेरे जीवन में अमरकांत

         अपनी जीवन-यात्रा पूरी करके हम लोगों को भावुक कर गए अमरकांत से मेरा वास्ता कुछ अजीब सा रहा है। उनकी मौजूदगी को अपने आस-पास टटोलने की आज कोशिश करता हूँ तो बरबस एक आह के साथ अंग्रेज़ी की वह कहावत मुंह से निकल पड़ती है - so near and yet so far! कितना अजीब है कि मैं उनसे एक बार भी मिल न सका बावजूद इसके कि उस इलाहाबाद शहर में रहते हुए मुझे नौ साल से ज्यादा समय बीत चुका है जहां अमरकांत ने नौजवानी के दिनों में पहली बार कदम रखा तो फिर अट्ठासी बरस से ज्यादा की उम्र में अपनी आखिरी सांस के साथ ही विदा हुए। कैसा संयोग है कि इस शहर में रहते हुए मेरे कदम आस-पास के सुदूर देहातों तक तो कई बार गए मगर अपने ठिकाने से महज़ एक मील की दूरी तय करके उनके दर्शन लाभ का अवसर कभी नहीं ही मिल पाया। नाना प्रकार के लोगों का संग-कुसंग चाहे अनचाहे प्राप्त हुआ मगर दो घड़ी के लिए भी इस अनूठे रचनाकार का साथ न मिला जिसका लिखा हुआ पढ़कर ऐसा लगता है कि कलम कागज़ पर नहीं मन पर चली है।  
       बहरहाल, मैं अपने को इस मामले में खुशकिस्मत समझता हूँ कि मैंने उनका साहित्य कच्ची उम्र में नहीं पढ़ा। उनका लेखन प्रेमचंद जैसा है। ऊपर से इतना सपाट लगता है कि एक किशोर को भी भ्रम हो सकता है कि उसने सब ग्रहण कर लिया। भले दस साल बाद दुबारा पढ़ते हुए विस्मय के साथ खीज पैदा हो कि क्या ख़ाक समझा था! उनका साहित्य सत्यजीत रे की फिल्मों जैसा है जिनको समझने के लिए खासी परिपक्वता चाहिए मगर जो विषय और प्रस्तुतीकरण के हिसाब से इतनी थीं कि सेंसर बोर्ड ने शायद ही किसी को "A" सर्टिफिकेट दिया हो। 
         अमरकांत उन बिरले लेखकों में से थे जिनका साहित्य पढ़कर ऐसा महसूस हुआ है कि जीवन कुछ और समृद्ध हो गया। उन्होंने न तो उपदेश दिया और न ही यथार्थ दिखाने के नाम पर पाठक के सर पर विकृतियों का बोझा पटका। वे हमेशा पाठक से बड़ी विनम्रता के साथ थोड़ा और सजग, थोड़ा और संवेदनशील, थोड़ा और जागरूक होने का आग्रह करते दीखते हैं। 
          "डिप्टी कलेक्टरी", "ज़िंदगी और जोंक", "दोपहर का भोजन" आदि उनकी मशहूर कहानियां हैं और निस्संदेह पठनीय हैं। मगर ऐसी भी कहानियां हैं जिनकी चर्चा कम हुई है मगर वे उतनी ही शक्तिशाली हैं। जिस अंचल में उनका जीवन बीता है, उसकी तरफ उनकी कलम आत्मीय होने के साथ बेहद पैनी है।     
         "फर्क" एक ऐसी ही बहुमूल्य कहानी है। छोटी सी चोरी को लेकर एक लड़के की जान की गाहक बनी हुई भीड़ थाने में एक दुर्दांत डकैत को देखकर जिस श्रद्धा-मिश्रित भय का परिचय देती है उसमें आप उस रॉबिनहुड संस्कृति के बीज देख सकते हैं जिसने हिंदी पट्टी में अपराधियों के आधिपत्य को स्थापित करने में उतनी ही महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाई है जितनी ऐसे तत्त्वों को मिलने वाले राजनीतिक प्रश्रय ने। "बस्ती" मोटे तौर पर एक बस्ती के बनने और उजड़ने की कहानी लग सकती है मगर इस कहानी के माध्यम से आप समझ सकते हैं कि कैसे मामूली लगने वाले मुद्दों से आंदोलन जन्म लेते हैं और फिर अपने ही ध्वजवाहकों की महत्वाकांक्षा के हाथों धराशायी भी हो जाते हैं।   
        फरिश्तों और हैवानों के बीच झूलते जनसंचार माध्यमों द्वारा बरगलाये जा रहे समाज के लिए इंसानों की कहानी कहता अमरकांत का साहित्य वैसा ही है जैसे मौसमी बुखार से टूटे शरीर के लिए टॉनिक। ऐसे में क्या यह घिसा-पिटा जुमला दोहराना ज़रूरी है कि वे अपनी कृतियों के माध्यम से हमारे बीच सदैव जीवित रहेंगे? 

Sunday, July 21, 2013

Bhaag Milkha Bhaag - Good, undoubtedly, but stopping short of being great

But for a few inaccuracies and needlessly thrown-in love stories, Bhaag Milkha Bhaag is an outstanding movie. It is one of those rare works in which more than one person has given his best. It is by far the most mature work of Director Rakeysh Om Prakash Mehra. The man, who showed immense promise with "Rang De Basanti", has more than atoned for the disastrous "Delhi 6". Although music is not a strong point of this film, the obviously talented Prasoon Joshi has come up with lyrics whereby he appears to have raised the bar for himself.
However, the three-hour-long biopic ultimately belongs to Farhan Akhtar. To those who have never seen any of his previous works, he will come across as a competent actor who has worked hard for an ambitious role. But those who are familiar with his rather forgettable works as a director and his various competent, but not extraordinary, performances as an actor are bound to say - Gosh! He is capable of this! One can not predict the whims of juries, but he deserves to win every Best Actor award this year and must be remembered as the man who came up with one of the best-ever celluloid portrayals of a professional sportsman.
He appears to be emoting from every muscle in his body and every tissue in his face. The film can be credited with the most credible and authentic depictions of athletic events. All the runners, not just Farhan, appear to be professionals whose sprints are so different from thieves chased by policemen. It must have taken a lot of physical training for all of them to pull it off so convincingly. However, Farhan's task was obviously more daunting and he comes out with flying colours. He exudes power and vulnerability at the same time, which brings his portrayal so close to the legendary athlete who failed to win an Olympic medal despite having shattered so many records. 
His efforts are complemented well by the now-forgotten TV actor Pawan Malhotra to whose potential Hindi film industry has remained blind. Yograj Singh, better known as the father of star batsman Yuvraj Singh, does a fine job. K K Raina has very little to do and Dalip Tahil can not be forgiven for making a caricature of Jawaharlal Nehru. A few words of appreciation must also be reserved for the boy who has played the young Milkha. One does not know whether Japtej Singh would end up in that long row of child artists who earned fame early but floundered as they grew up. But even if Bhaag Milkha Bhaag were his first and last film, credit has to be given to the 12-year-old from Mumbai for playing a tormented rustic Sardar with such aplomb.
As has been said in the beginning, it is a good film. It shorts stop of being a great film because of a few shortcomings that are too glaring to ignore. Too much of footage has been wasted on the pre-marital athlete's flings with women. These may have been real. These may have been imaginary. But insertion of these in the movie look out of place and only slackens the otherwise brisk pace. Besides, while the various races look so authentic, carelessness on part of the director makes many a scene look silly. There is a sequence in which Milkha is shown humming the song "nanha munna rahi hoon desh ka sipahi hoon". The sequence predates Milkha's recruitment to the Army in 1951. And the song is of Mehboob Khan's "Son of India", a 1962 film. Similarly, after having lost a race in Australia, Milkha is shown to be repenting in a wash-room where the wash-basin is fitted with automatic faucets, which came in vogue barely a couple of decades ago. Also, given the hostility that has always been in place between India and Pakistan, Milkha driving on a motorcycle alone to visit his village in Multan looks incongruent. 
Nevertheless, anybody who chooses to watch it will not regret the decision.